On Monday, the Nobel Prize week officially started with the assignment of the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine to Americans scientists William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza, and British scientist Sir Peter Ratcliffe.
The prize was assigned for their discovery of how cells sense oxygen availability in the surroundings and how they respond to such conditions. The research brought to the discovery of new features of proteins and more than 300 genes, which have important roles in health.
As the Nobel prize committee has explained, the scientists deserved this year’s prize, because their discovery is already changing the way medicine is practised. Indeed, this mechanism has unveiled new routes to treatments for anaemia, cancer, heart disease and other conditions. The level of oxygen, which cells consume, indicates clearly the condition of these cells and reveals the general health of a person.
The scientists have recently revealed their satisfaction for the prize and will share the 9m Swedish kronor (£740,000) equally, according to the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.
In the meantime, other Nobel Prize winners will be revealed very soon. On Tuesday, it will be the turn of the prize in Physics and on Wednesday of the prize in Chemistry. On Thursday, two Nobel Prize winners in Literature will be announced, since, last year, the award wasn’t assigned. To conclude, the Nobel Peace Prize will be assigned on Friday and activist Greta Thunberg is the most likely to win the award.